Venous thromboembolism treatment in patients with cancer: reflections on an evolving landscape

Submitted: 12 January 2024
Accepted: 13 February 2024
Published: 29 February 2024
Abstract Views: 1141
PDF: 139
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Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is also one of the strongest risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE), reported in approximately 20% of all cases of VTE diagnosed. The thrombotic effect of cancer and its treatments, however, is highly variable among patients and changes over the course of their cancer. Anticoagulant therapy remains the cornerstone of VTE treatment, but it is associated with a substantial rate of VTE recurrence and the potential for serious bleeding. The risk of bleeding in patients with cancer is also dependent on the cancer type and its treatments, often revealing underlying tumor invasion of mucosal or parenchymal tissues, and treatment complications such as thrombocytopenia or coagulopathy. Over the past few decades, efforts to improve the efficacy and safety of anticoagulant therapy for the treatment and prevention of cancer-associated thromboembolism have resulted in changes in the standard of practice. This evolution has been made possible largely through the development of new anticoagulants. This review will reflect on the major advances in the treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis and offer insights on how to address unmet needs in this field.

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How to Cite

Lee, A. Y. (2024). Venous thromboembolism treatment in patients with cancer: reflections on an evolving landscape. Bleeding, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, 3(s1). https://doi.org/10.4081/btvb.2024.111

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